Acne is generally associated with teenage years however many adults can develop it. Adult acne can be due to different reasons and often very stressful affecting physical appearance and at times one’s self esteem. There are adult acne treatment options which can be explored for management of acne.

What is Adult Acne?

Acne is an inflammatory skin condition and is the one of the eight most common skin diseases worldwide. It occurs due to the build up of bacteria inside the pores leading to damage of the skin which results in forming of acne lesions.  

Acne varies in forms, including whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, and nodules, and different people experience different types. It’s possible to have mild, consistent acne, occasional outbreaks, or severe cases also affecting larger body areas. Adult acne treatment options vary depending on the type of acne and its severity.

– Mild acne may consist of blackheads, whiteheads or small pustules.

– Moderate adult acne might include papules covering an area of the face or body.

– Severe adult acne often involves extreme redness or discolouration, irritation and scars.

Information on Acne

What are the causes of acne?

Acne usually occurs due to bacteria build up inside the pores of skin. However hormone fluctuations, stress, diet and skincare can all be contributing causes of acne.

In adult acne, hormonal changes play a significant role. Females may experience fluctuating hormones during menstruation, pregnancy or menopause and after starting or stopping birth control pills. Males may experience fluctuating hormones during phases of high testosterone (puberty) or during andropause (men menopause). These hormonal changes can result in acne.

There has been research conducted which has found a correlation between stress and acne flare ups. The body produces cortisol in response to chronic stress. This hormone can stimulate oil glands and lead to increased sebum production. Excessive sebum can clog pores contributing to development of acne.

The relationship between diet and acne is complex and certain foods high in sugar and dairy products may exacerbate acne in some individuals hence it is important to be attentive to the diets potential impact on skin. 

Individuals need to understand their skin type and find appropriate skincare which suits their acne prone skin. It could be dry skin or skin which produces excess oil in which acne products need to be oil free or have active ingredients to avoid acne worse. 

Using pore-clogging skincare or makeup can contribute to developing acne. It is important that non-comedogenic, oil free, non-acnegenic products are used so pores are not left blocked.

Acne can be a side effects of certain medications. If you believe the medicine is triggering your acne or making it worse, continue taking the medicine but talk to the doctor about your concerns. The medication can be changed, or treatment for acne could be recommended.

Adult Acne Treatments

There are many reasons to which acne may occur and treating adult acne isn’t always a one product fix all solution. It requires a combination of factors to combine to create a regime for better skin results. 

Maintaining a proper skin care routine can prevent inflammation and acne scarring. This includes daily washing face, sunscreen use, makeup removal before bed, and a balanced diet with exercise for healthy skin.

Topical treatments 

There are over the counter or even prescription topical treatments containing ingredients like benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, or retinoid which can help unclog pores, reduce inflammation and promote skin cell turnover. 

Oral Medications

In certain cases oral medications such as antibiotics, hormonal therapies (birth control pills for women) or isotretinoin are prescribed. These are for severe or persistent cases of adult acne. Discuss with health care professionals about the treatment plan, the side effects and the other factors which need to be altered to manage acne effectively. 

Lifestyle changes

A healthy lifestyle can contribute to managing adult acne, including a balanced diet, managing stress through relaxation techniques and avoiding sun exposure. Individuals should ensure they drink enough water, exercise regularly and get enough sleep as they too can make a difference.

Professional procedures and consistent skin care

Procedures like chemical peels, microdermabrasion or laser therapy can be effective in treating adult acne by promoting skin renewal and reducing inflammation. 

Establishing a consistent skincare routine is crucial for managing adult acne. Cleansing the face regularly, using skin care products and avoiding picking/squeezing pimples to prevent scarring.

Consult a doctor

If you are beginning your acne treatment journey or are already receiving treatment for it, a thorough discussion with a doctor is important at every stage. If topical therapies have failed, current regime is causing concern or is not effective, it is best to speak to a health care professional.

Consult a doctor